Canadians like to think that we’re a pretty nice bunch.
Especially now, as Drumpf’s presidential candidacy reveals the racist underbelly of our neighbours to the South, we Canadians pride ourselves on being nothing like the States. We happily disassociate ourselves from the violence and xenophobia that seems to crop up at every Drumpf rally.
It’s just so incredibly convenient to revel in our not-Americanness, as though that in itself makes us not racist. We try to pretend that same kind of racism doesn’t exist here, even though the same fear-baiting tactic was used in our recent election. We try to ignore the recent hateful attack on Syrian refugees, newly arrived in Canada. We try to forget that our country was built upon the exploitation of people of colour.
In case you aren’t sure what I’m referring to, I’ve included a couple examples below.
1. Canada had Legal Slavery
In elementary school the only time I learned about slavery and Canada was when we studied the Underground Railway. Through these stories of escape and hope I, like many Canadians, was led to believe that Canada had offered an escape for Black men and women who were trapped as slaves in the United States.
What I never knew (until recently) was that Canada was not always the beacon of hope that it appeared. As historian Natasha Henry highlights in her article about Slavery in Canada,
“African slavery existed in the colonies of New France and British North America for over 200 years, yet there remains a profound silence in classrooms and teaching resources about Canada’s involvement in the African slave trade. According to available historical documents, least 4,000 Africans were held in bondage for two centuries in the early colonial settlements of New France (Quebec), New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Upper Canada (Ontario).”
Luckily, novelists have begun to draw attention to the stories that our history books have overlooked. Afua Cooper’s The Hanging of Angélique, for example, tells the true story of Canadian slave Marie-Joseph Angélique. Meanwhile, Lawrence Hill’s Book of Negros, reminds us that many escaped slaves were actually shipped back to the States by Canadian authorities. He also explores the extreme racism that drove some black Canadians to move to Sierra Leone. Continue reading
Posted in America, Canada, history, politics, race
Tagged Afua Cooper, Anti-asian sentiment, black, Camps, Canada, Canadian, Canadian encycopedia, Canadian Government, caricature, Chinese settlers, Chinese-Canadian, communal, Communist, competition, deportation, Drumpf, economic success, European settlers, Famer, farm, farmer, fishermen, forget, generations, hand tools, Hayter Reed, head tax, Henry Yu, history, hope, imprisoned, Indian Commissioner, indigenous, indigenous communities, inmates, interned, internment, Japanese-Canadian, land, Lawrence Hill, livestock holds, machinary, Natasha Henry, nice, nutritional experiment, Peasant Farming, Policy, pool funds, president, property, railway, remember, reputation, reserves, Residential Schools, Sarah Carter, separated, Sierra Leone, slavery, sold, surplus, Syrian refugees, Taken, The Book of Negros, The Hanging of Angelique, Towards a Pacific History of the Americas, underground railway, Unites States, Violence, vote, west coast, white, white settlers, white supremacy, WWII, Xenophobia
I used to cry a lot as a kid. A lot. I had all the feels and I didn’t know what to do with them.
I was also a pretty uncoordinated kid. I mean, nothing spectacular (I only broke a couple bones), but enough to make me suck at the only thing that mattered in elementary school: winning stuff. Being stuck as “it” for hours at a time in grounders or tag really gets the spirit low, so, as you might expect, I spent a lot of recesses crying.
My mom loves to tell this one story from back when she worked at my school. She had been helping a friend of mine with her homework one day and when this friend became frustrated she had reminded her that “Some people are good at spelling, some people are good at sports, etc. Everyone has something that they are good at, and everybody has something we need to work on.”
Later that day, I came dead last in a race (my mom likes to emphasize this part when she tells the story, often repeating herself with “and I mean dead last“). Anyways, after coming dead last in this race I retreated to a distance to cry my eyes out. This same friend of mine came over and put her arm around me. Then she started to tell me “You know Katherine, some people are good at spelling, some people are good at sports…”
You get the gist of it. I used to cry a lot. Then, one day on the playground, a kid called me a “cry-baby”. I don’t remember who it was, but I remember clenching my fists and swearing to myself “I will never cry again!” Continue reading
Posted in feminism
Tagged cry, Danielle Debarbarac, emotional, emotions, failure, feeling, feminine, feminism, Feminist, gender, gender roles, girly-girl, Men, role models, Sarah Connor, sensitive, sensitivity, stoic, strong, Taken, tears, tough, weak, women, Zooey Dechanel
Many people were introduced to the concept of Human Trafficking via the movie Taken where Bryan Mills’ (played by Liam Neeson) daughter is kidnapped and groomed for prostitution and he has to save her by killing everyone who has an accent.
Around the same time I watched the movie Taken I read a book called Invisible Chains by Benjamin Perrin. The book is a well documented account of Perrin’s investigation into human trafficking in Canada, an investigation that began internationally but ended up in his own backyard when he was “shocked to learn of a case of human trafficking in his hometown.” The book delves into several specific cases, and by specific, I mean horrific: “a 14-year-old from Ontario sold for sex on Craigslist; young women from the war-torn Congo and Colombia trafficked to brothels and massage parlours in Canada; a 21-year-old from Alberta who went missing in Las Vegas in 2006.”
Posted in Canada, Europe, morality, politics, sex
Tagged abolitionists, Canada, Culture, decriminalization, feminism, human trafficking, Invisible Chains, legalization, morality, Nordic Law, politics, prostitution, Red Umbrella, regulation, regulation model, sex, sex trade, sex work, sex workers' rights, Taken, victimization, Violence